In this article we would like to give you some information about cannabis in general. What exactly is cannabis, and what is its history, and what specifically are the differences between THC and CBD? If you are looking for answers to these questions, the following blog article will certainly provide you with all the information you need.
What exactly is cannabis?
Cannabis is the original Latin word for hemp. The term cannabis refers to the female hemp plant (usually Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica or their hybrids). Colloquial names for cannabis are marijuana, grass or weed. The resin extracted from the cannabis plant is called hash or hashish. Often it is also used to make cannabis oil.
Cannabis and its products (e.g. oils, flowers, scented candles, etc.) are usually consumed for their pleasant, psychoactive effects. In addition, cannabis is used in medicine as a painkiller. Because of its highly potent pain-relieving properties, cannabis has always been a popular medical product. And cannabis can either be smoked or consumed as food.
In the last few years there has been a strong trend towards legalization of cannabis and its products. Even in Germany marijuana is now licensed as a painkiller. In Switzerland, the Netherlands and increasingly in several US states cannabis with low THC content may even be sold quite legally for recreational use. More and more countries are following this legislation and are now legalizing cannabis.
The history of cannabis
In world literature cannabis was first mentioned in a Chinese textbook in botany field about 4700 years ago. The oldest marijuana finding dates back to around 700 BC and was a burial gift. Descriptions of the medical effects of cannabis can be found in 2400 years old Indian literature. Since the first crusades (1096-1099) cannabis was also introduced into European folk medicine. It was used for rheumatic and bronchial diseases. In the 19th century it was used against migraine, neuralgia, epileptic-like cramps and sleep disorders, etc. In the late 19th century cannabis was then largely replaced by synthetic drugs. Until then it was one of the most frequently prescribed painkillers in Western cultures. In the middle of the 20th century cannabis was demonized and banned almost worldwide. This negative trend continued until the late 1960s, when cannabis became socially acceptable again due to the hippie culture and became more popular. The exaggerated demonisation of cannabis and its products was gradually abandoned, and eventually cannabis was legally released again in many countries as a painkiller or for recreational use.
The difference between THC and CBD
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are the two primary cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. They are 2 different chemical substances, each with its own chemical structure. This distinguishes them from other components of the cannabis plant. Both THC and CBD interact with the cannabinoid receptors in the human body and brain, but differ significantly in their effects. THC is the much more potent active ingredient of cannabis. In contrast to THC CBD is hardly psychoactive. This is actually the biggest difference between the two substances. While THC causes a rather intensive "high feeling", CBD has a milder and slightly relaxing effect. CBD also has a somewhat broader range of use. If you are interested in the differences between THC and CBD in more detail, we recommend the next article.